Saturday, May 23, 2020
Marie Curie was the first truly famous woman scientist in the modern world.Ã She was known as theÃ Mother of Modern Physics for her pioneer work in research about radioactivity, a word she coined. She was the first woman awarded a Ph.D. in research science in EuropeÃ and the first woman professor at the Sorbonne. Curie discovered and isolated polonium and radium, and established the nature of radiation and beta rays. She won Nobel Prizes inÃ 1903 (Physics) and 1911 (Chemistry) and was the first woman to be awarded a Nobel Prize, and the first person to win Nobel Prizes in two different scientific disciplines. Fast Facts: Marie Curie Known For: Research in radioactivity and discovery of polonium and radium. She was the first woman to win a Nobel Prize (Physics in 1903), and the first person to win a second Nobel Prize (Chemistry in 1911)Also Known As: Maria SklodowskaBorn: November 7, 1867 in Warsaw, PolandDied: July 4, 1934 in Passy, FranceSpouse: Pierre Curie (m. 1896-1906)Children: IrÃ ¨ne and ÃËveInteresting Fact: Marie Curies daughter, IrÃ ¨ne, also won a Nobel Prize (Chemistry in 1935) Early Life and Education Marie Curie was born in Warsaw, the youngest of five children. Her father was a physics teacher, her mother, who died when Curie was 11, was also an educator. After graduating with high honors in her early schooling, Marie Curie found herself, as a woman, without options in Poland for higher education. She spent some time as a governess, and in 1891 followed her sister, already a gynecologist, to Paris. In Paris, Marie Curie enrolled at the Sorbonne. She graduated in first place in physics (1893), then, on a scholarship, returned for a degree in mathematics in which she took second place (1894). Her plan was to return to teach in Poland. Research and Marriage She began to work as a researcher in Paris. ThroughÃ her work, she met a French scientist, Pierre Curie, in 1894 when he was 35. They were married on July 26, 1895, in a civil marriage. Their first child, IrÃ ¨ne, was born in 1897. Marie Curie continued to work on her research and began work as a physics lecturer at a girls school. Radioactivity Inspired by work on radioactivity in uranium by Henri Becquerel, Marie Curie began research on Becquerel rays to see if other elements also had this quality. First, she discovered radioactivity in thorium, then demonstrated that the radioactivity is not a property of an interaction between elements but is an atomic property, a property of the interior of the atom rather than how it is arranged in a molecule. On April 12, 1898, she published her hypothesis of a still-unknown radioactive element, and worked with pitchblende and chalcocite, both uranium ores, to isolate this element. Pierre joined her in this research. Marie Curie and Pierre Curie thus discovered first polonium (named for her native Poland) and then radium. They announced these elements in 1898. Polonium and radium were present in very small amounts in pitchblende, along with larger quantities of uranium. Isolating the very small amounts of the new elements took years of work. On January 12, 1902, Marie Curie isolated pure radium, and her 1903 dissertation resulted in the first advanced scientific research degree to be awarded to a woman in FranceÃ¢â¬âthe first doctorate in science awarded to a woman in all of Europe. In 1903, for their work, Marie Curie, her husband Pierre, and Henry Becquerel, were awarded the Nobel Prize for Physics. The Nobel Prize committee reportedly first considered giving the award to Pierre Curie and Henry Becquerel, and Pierre worked behind the scenes to ensure that Marie Curie won appropriate recognition by being included. It was also in 1903 that Marie and Pierre lost a child, born prematurely. Radiation poisoning from working with radioactive substances had begun to take a toll, though the Curies did not know it or were in denial of that. They were both too sickly to attend the 1903 Nobel ceremony in Stockholm. In 1904, Pierre was given a professorship at the Sorbonne for his work. The professorship established more financial security for the Curie familyÃ¢â¬âPierres father had moved in to help care for the children. Marie was given a small salary and a title as Chief of the Laboratory. That same year, the Curies established the use of radiation therapy for cancer and lupus, and their second daughter, ÃËve, was born. ÃËve would later write a biography of her mother. In 1905, the Curies finally traveled to Stockholm, and Pierre gave the Nobel Lecture. Marie was annoyed by the attention to their romance rather than to their scientific work. From Wife to Professor But security was short-lived, as Pierre was killed suddenly in 1906 when he was run over by a horse-drawn carriage on a Paris street. This left Marie Curie a widow with responsibility for raising her two young daughters. Marie Curie was offered a national pension, but turned it down. A month after Pierres death, she was offered his chair at the Sorbonne, and she accepted. Two years later she was elected a full professorÃ¢â¬âthe first woman to hold a chair at the Sorbonne. Further Work Marie Curie spent the next years organizing her research, supervising the research of others, and raising funds. Her Treatise on Radioactivity was published in 1910. Early in 1911, Marie Curie was denied election to the French Academy of Sciences by one vote. Emile Hilaire Amagat said of the vote, Women cannot be part of the Institute of France. Marie Curie refused to have her name resubmitted for nomination and refused to allow the Academy to publish any of her work for ten years.Ã The press attacked her for her candidacy. Nevertheless, that same year she was appointed director of the Marie Curie Laboratory, part of the Radium Institute of the University of Paris, and of the Institute for Radioactivity in Warsaw, and she was awarded a second Nobel Prize. Tempering her successes that year was a scandal: a newspaper editor alleged an affair between Marie Curie and a married scientist. He denied the charges, and the controversy ended when the editor and scientist arranged a duel, but neither fired. Years later, Marie and Pierres granddaughter married the grandson of the scientist which whom she may have had the affair. During World War I, Marie Curie chose to support the French war effort actively. She put her prize winnings into war bonds and fitted ambulances with portable x-ray equipment for medical purposes, driving the vehicles to the front lines. She established two hundred permanent x-ray installations in France and Belgium. After the war, her daughter Irene joined Marie Curie as an assistant at the laboratory. The Curie Foundation was established in 1920 to work on medical applications for radium. Marie Curie took an important trip to the United States in 1921 to accept the generous gift of a gram of pure radium for research. In 1924, she published her biography of her husband. Illness and Death The work of Marie Curie, her husband, and colleagues with radioactivity was done in ignorance of its effect on human health. Marie Curie and her daughter Irene contracted leukemia, apparently induced by exposure to high levels of radioactivity. The notebooks of Marie Curie are still so radioactive that they cannot be handled. Marie Curies health was declining seriously by the end of the 1920s. Cataracts contributed to failing vision. Marie Curie retired to a sanatorium, with her daughter Eve as her companion. She died of pernicious anemia, also most likely an effect of the radioactivity in her work, in 1934.
Tuesday, May 12, 2020
The Portrait of Stephen Dedalus As life goes on, certain situations can form the way people become as adults, but our own persona has the final outcome. Ã¢â¬Å"A Portrait of the Artist as a Young ManÃ¢â¬ communicates with readers the life of a young man named Stephen Dedalus. The young boy grew up in Ireland in the late nineteenth century. Stephen slowly climbs up to many decision-making about his own life. His Catholic faith and Irish nationality heavily influenced to guide the young boyÃ¢â¬â¢s life. When Stephen was a little boy, he attended a heavy religious strict boarding school. Stephen then starts attending other schools, where he grows and shines to being and incredible writer while also a student in the school theater. When Stephen encounters his first sexual experience with a young Dublin prostitute he after begins to feel shameful and have guilt in himself, so he then tries to reconcile with his faith in the Catholic Church. Stephen becomes interactive and the role model of the Catholic religion. Wh en the director of the school recommends him to consider going into the priesthood, he examines the offer. He realizes that the desire of beauty should not be oppressed nor ignored. He was then determined to free himself from all limits and decides to leave Ireland to escape and achieve a life as an artist. When the novel opens, the reader is in the mind of Stephen Dedalus, in this time he is just a little boy. He goes through childhood using his senses, feeling, touching, hearingShow MoreRelated Stephen Dedalus in James Joyces A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man3169 Words Ã |Ã 13 PagesStephen Dedalus in James Joyces A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man When the soul of a man is born in this country there are nets flung at it to hold it back from flight. You talk to me of nationality, language, religion. I shall try to fly by those nets The spirit of Ireland is embodied in young Stephen Dedalus, the central character of James Joyces A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man. Like the Dedalus of Greek myth, Stephen must grow wings so that he may fly above the tribulationsRead MoreA Portrait Of The Artist As A Young Man1038 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages(Norris 3). In his novel, A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man, Joyce and his character, Stephen Dedalus, share a wide variety of similarities, all the way from childhood aspects, to challenges of adulthood. Because of these similarities, A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man, is considered an autobiography. James Joyce created the character, Stephen Dedalus, as a mirrored image of himself in both A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man and Ulysses. 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For example, On 1 September 1888, at the age of half-past-six, Joyce was taken by his parents to be enrolled in the finest Catholic preparatory school in Ireland, Clongowes Wood College, situatedRead MoreImagery Pattern of Clouds in the Portrait of an Artist by James Joyce 941 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages The Portrait of an Artist as a Young Man by James Joyce is widely recognized by New Critics as one of the greatest novels of its age for its aesthetic artistry. 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I will explain how theRead MoreEssay on Bird Imagery in Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man843 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesBird Imagery in Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man The works of twentieth-century Irish writer James Joyce resound vividly with a unique humanity and genius. His novel, A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man, published in 1916, is a convincing journey through the inner mind and spirit of Stephen Dedalus. Portrayed with incredible fluency and realism, imagery guides the reader through the swift current of growth tangible in the juvenile hero. Above all heavy imagery in the novel isRead More Essay on Art in A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man1577 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesArt in A Portrait of the Artist as a Young ManÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Stephen Dedalus philosophy of art, expressed in his discussion with Lynch in Chapter Five, seems essentially romantic, yet the novel is written in a very realistic mode typical of the twentieth century. This apparent inconsistency may direct us to one way of interpreting this novel. Dedalus idea of art may be Romantic, but because his world is no longer the world of the Romantics he has to see art more as a fundamental validationRead More A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man Essay1512 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesA Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man Stephen Dedalus - Rebel Without a Cause? His soul had arisen from the grave of boyhood, spurning her grave-clothes. Yes! Yes! Yes! He would create proudly out of the freedom and power of his soul, as the great artificer whose name he bore, a living thing, new and soaring and beautiful, impalpable, imperishable Throughout A Portrait of an Artist as a Young Man Stephen Dedalus is persistently portrayed as the outsider, apart from the society he andRead MoreJane Eyre And A Portrait Of The Artist As A Young Man1473 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages The novels Jane Eyre, by Charlotte BrontÃ «, and A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man, by James Joyce, both exemplify the bildungsroman style, showing the growth of the characters over the course of each book. As bildungsroman novels, both texts share elements common to the genre, such as focusing primarily on character thoughts and reactions. They also share traits like periods of character development being tied to a particular place. However, they differ in other areas like narration style
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Parliamentary buildings are always meant to attract different people meaning that the grander the structure, the stronger the public and national interest and reaction to them.Ã These buildings normally reflect the tradition and stability showing that they portray the image or the commanding presence of the state (Daniel, 1995). The parliamentary buildings are also known to provide ideals of national identity and pride of a given state showing its strength. We will write a custom essay sample on Architectural Project or any similar topic only for you Order Now Ã Splendor and command, even majesty is always shown in the grandest of parliamentary buildings especially those in America in the nineteenth century. The Norman Foster New German parliament is a project of architecture since it has developed after destruction of many parliamentary buildings.Ã Attention was first devoted to German development, both in regard to the Bundestag building in Berlin (Michael, 1998). The Reichstag building is historical known for its richness in sensitive historical and political associations.Ã Ã These buildings have raised some questions of national symbols, questions of the European traditions and democratic aspiration of the newly reunited Germany. This why there has been debates on whether the new parliament building is something to do with politics or architecture.Ã But in the real sense it is believed to be an architectural project following the changes that have been experienced in the field of architecture since early ages in the building and rebuilding of the parliament. (Dieter, 2003). Early architectural changes began from year 1949 Ã¢â¬â 1971 following reunification of Germany.Ã They started rebuilding projects and expanding the parliament in Bonn.Ã Architectural changes were undertaken from 1949 by a leading architect of the day by the name Haris Schwippert. He laid down a new chamber for the Bundestag which was completed for a short while. The project was made up of glass showing that they were a trademark of German post-war architectural style.Ã Several small developments existed to the parliament buildings site by 1969 when a large multi-storey building was erected to accommodate members and other services.Ã The building consisted of 30 storeys and was a notable landmark in Bonn region since it could be seen from Rhine. Towards the end of 1969 the federal cabinet ordered a stop to the adhoc building programs of the government in Bonn (Stephen, 2005).Ã The cabinet then formed a commission to look at a wider town planning implications of government office and parliamentary accommodation. Restructuring of the town and new buildings was an architectural concern in the country.Ã The parliament new building was to contain office blocks for government, child care facilities, an international conference center, new buildings for Bundestage, and the bundestrat and finally a hotel with apartment. All these led to a lot of complications and confusions.Ã This forced the different architectural firms to do some projects in collaboration with other firms. This led to further development in the redesigning of the Bonn parliamentary building from 1971 Ã¢â¬â 1992. (Foster, 2000). The architectural firms made a lot of restructural challenges, arrangements and consultation with the concerned citizens.Ã The revised plan was then announced or declared in the December 1978.Ã Further architectural competitions were experienced by this time. In1983 another complication emerged when it was found out that the fabric of the main chamber (plenarsaal) was seriously impaired. This required the parliament building to be demolished as it could not be re-built a according to the architectural findings. Various experts were called for advice and in the upshot it emerged that preservation of the existing building in its framework would greatly increase expenditure because of its unsuitable nature. The decision to build new parliamentary building was finally made after along discussion that did not want the building to be demolished.Ã Many stakeholders wanted the only affected chamber to be rebuilt (Corola, 2004).Ã However the demolition of the new chamber succeeded since the state government had limited power to intervene in matters affecting the federal parliament. The rebuilding of the chamber included other ancillary facilities adjacent to it meaning that the project was expected to be wider than just the chamber it self. (Jaeger, 1999). How to cite Architectural Project, Papers
Friday, May 1, 2020
Question: Discuss about the Implementation of Robotics in Artificial Intelligence. Answer: Introduction Many technology organizations have been developed with the view of inventing robots that fit in different sectors of the manufacturing industry (Bock Linner, 2015). This report is based on Automobile Association () organization which is a small Artificial Intelligence company located in Brisbane in Australia. This company is upcoming and has shown interest in designing robots that are fit for domestic use, in the mining industry, transport and manufacturing industry across Australia and Globally in future. The main objectives of this report are to design robots such as dry cleaners that are suitable for domestic use, excavators for mining and other machinery for manufacturing industry. Through its vision, artificial intelligence aims at developing computerized systems that can perform tasks that require human ability like visual recognition, speech recognition, language translation and decision-making. This decision was reached after research that showed that many companies in Australia are still using outdated technology in their production hence experience low productivity. The company has made several assumptions such as; The robots to be designed will perform tasks as expected without malfunctioning. Automobile Association Company has a ready market for robots they will embark on developing. The Company has had a competitive advantage over its rivals through manufacturing minor things like computing gadgets, and so it will be the case on the proposed project. The robots designed will have minimum risks possible. A robot is a device programmed mechanically to perform tasks that human perform and interact with its environment without being the help of human interaction (Bock, 2015). Robotic technology- is a technology that deals with the design, development, operation and use of robots as well as using computer systems to control the robots, achieve sensory feedback and facilitate information processing (Pruthi, 2012). This technology is used to design machines that can take the human position in the industry. Robotics is a branch of engineering that entails the invention, design, production and operation of robots. It is a field which imbricates with electronics, artificial intelligence, computer science, nanotechnology, bioengineering, and mechatronics (Shneier Bostelman, 2015). Current use of Robots Currently, robots have been employed almost in every sector of the industry. Their increased used led to artificial intelligence company develop an attraction in the designing of robots that would be used in mining, transport, manufacturing industries and domestic use. Some current use of robots developed by other manufacturer are; Space exploration- robots that can be controlled from a far distant have been designing and employed in the space by scientists to conduct their explorations (Jno, et al. 2012). These are commanded to go to space and gather specific data that the scientists use in their research about the space. Some of these types of robots are the Mars exploration rovers and Hubble space telescope. Military robots- these are independent robots that are controlled by the use of a remote. They are specifically designed for military purposes (Merlet, 2012). Military robots have been in use since the World War II and also in the Soviet teletanks. The USA has an advanced form of military robots that are now being designed to operate individually and not as an army. Military robots help in keeping a country secure both locally and externally. Medical robots- these are machines that are used in medical fields to perform different tasks. These robots perform or help doctors in complicated and sensitive field surgery. Other medical robots can carry out tests and analysis of drugs at a higher speed than human beings. Consumer robots are used to entertain and interact with the owner of businesses and their clients. These robots are either controlled from a common desktop with an organization or from a mobile phone. Types of robots used in various industries The main objective of Artificial Intelligence Company is to invent, design and develop robots that will be of help in the field of mining, transport, domestic use, and manufacturing industries (Nilsson, 2014). Some types of robots that are being used in this sectors are discussed below. Mine inspection robot- this robot was designed to inspect the areas that could be dangerous to undertake to mine before sending humans into place. It is controlled from a distant by the use of a remote. It has an HD video system with a PTZ camera, 10" taller tires, and wireless tablet interface. Tethered fiber- optic robot- this robot is designed in such a way that it can be sent hundreds of feet down in a mine shaft (Brady, Gerhardt Davidson, 2012). Due to the long distance that it travels, it is fiber optic cable to ensure that the signal remains high. Litter- robot this robot is built with a sensor that knows when your cat has visited, and after that, the unit rotates like that of a cement mixer to sift and empty clumps into a waste tray (Geraci, 2012). This robot helps keep the house tidy. Its main downsides are that it is expensive to afford and its huge size makes it difficult to be fit for people with small apartments. Robotic lawn mowers- these are robots that are built to cut the grass within a given area without the need of a driver. This can cut lawn up to three-quarters of an acre. Vacuum cleaners and floor- washing robots- they clean floors with sweeping them wet and mopping functions. Vacuum cleaners wash clothes and dry-sweep them immediately. Transport Robots Travel mate robotics built an autonomous robot suitcase that could move in both vertical and horizontal directions (Cohen Feigenbaum, 2014). These robots are used in different industries to transport materials either through lifting them up or by pushing them along the horizontal direction. Vehicles, airplanes, and ships are also types of robots. They help in transportation of goods and services over long distances within a short period (Kanal Kumar, 2012). Military soldiers use planes to transport their army member who sustains injuries during times of war for treatment. Industrial robots are robots used within an industries manufacturing environment. They have mainly articulated arms that are developed for applications such as welding, painting, material handling and many others. Arc welding robots- they use an electric arc between a metal base and an electrode using consumable or non-consumable electrodes. A robot is used in this process to apply excessive heating to metal at the joint making it to melt down and intermix. Robotic arc welders are consistent in their production, and they produce impeccable repeatability ensuring high-quality welds. Painting robots- painting robots are built to perform painting tasks. Most painting robots in the industry are developed by KUKA, ABB, and other manufacturing companies. The need for these robots has been activated by the high demand in the painting industry in today world. Painting robots perform the task faster and with high uniformity and accuracy as compared to humans. How to incorporate robotic in artificial intelligence company future As the use of robots is widely embraced by many organizations, artificial intelligence company conducted research about robots and is now inclined to adopting this technology in its operations. The company is now focusing on designing robots that will be used in household chores, mining, and transport and manufacturing industry. This leads to being a challenge to the company since it is small and upcoming. However, the company has laid down a strategy that will see it use robots in its future production. To incorporate robotic in the company, the company has hired experts who will help in designing robots that will help the company to establish itself in Brisbane and Australia at large through supplying robots that perform quality tasks. After gathering ample experience in the field of robotics, the company can now start employing more improved robots that will aid it in carrying out its production process. Artificial Intelligence Company will also replace its security people by adopting the use of surveillance robots. This will aid the company in reducing the operating costs as there will be no continuous payment made to the robots after settling the IT specialists who develop the robots. The company will also use robots to perform tasks that were performed by human labor. This will assist the company to increase its productivity as robots are faster and more accurate compared to humans. Short term and Long term options to implement the robotic strategy The short options that the company will take to implement the robotic strategy will be commercializing the invention, designing, and manufacture of upgraded robots than those of their rivals in the fields of domestic, mining, and transport and manufacturing industries. This will aid the company to be established in the Australia market for producing robots that are more efficient in doing their tasks. Artificial Intelligence Company will realize enough capital for expanding and upgrading its manufacturing processes through producing quality advanced robots that lure more customers to shift from the company's opponents (Ginsberg, 2012). The company will look forward to producing robots that will operate without the aid of human interaction by incorporating sensory devices. The long-term option for the company will be to incorporate robots in its operation. This option will be seen through after the company has been established as one of the most competent robot manufacturers in Brisbane and entire Australia. This will bring the need for incorporating robots in the company's' manufacturing process so as to increase the productivity as there will be an expansion in the market. After initializing robots in the company's operation successfully, the organization will look forward to going global with its robotic products. Decreased production costs: robots ensure increased speed in production and accuracy leading to an increase in the overall production. This helps a faster return on the invested capital. Improved quality: robots produce high-quality products due to their high accuracy level. They ensure that the goods and services are up to standards, therefore, reducing the cost that a quality control officer would have caused an organization. Longer working hours: robots have more energy compared to humans and works without getting exhausted. Increased profitability through increased productivity and operation costs Capital cost: implementing robots require a high capital cost. This makes the ROI from a robot project to take longer that the expected normal time. Limitations: robots have some limitations in performing their tasks. Also, robots are designed in a way that they can't perform all tasks. Expertise: to minimize reliance on automation companies, one will need to train engineers on how to program robots which are too costly. Solutions to overcome risks and disadvantages The above problems are challenging to overcome. However, there is a way to curb them to a certain degree. can specialize to manufacture robots that are less expensive and programmed to perform all tasks that a human does. The risk of humans being hurt by robots is also witnessed amid robots presence. This can be resolved if the company invents robots that human-friendly. Unemployment: robots replaces human in the company on their automation. A single robot performs a task that hundreds of employees could have been allocated to perform (Sharkey Sharkey, 2012). These people become unemployed once robots are deployed in the company. This can be addressed by creating awareness for the people to observe market niches and employ themselves. Security: Robots are faced with the task of maintaining security (Inabnet III, 2012). A person can steal his way in an organization and give the robots instructions that it may end up performing. This is addressed by designing a robot that requires a password before receiving commands. Conclusion In conclusion, the objectives of this report were to invent, design and manufacture robots that will be of great help in domestic use, mining, transport, and manufacturing industries. This report shows that from the research conducted by artificial intelligence Company, there are numerous modifications that can be done on the existing robots to make them more productive and reliable. These findings of the research are of great importance to the company as they aid the company to lay down a strategy on how to design and implement robots that will help in the above-mentioned sectors. However, there are limitations as the robots require a lot of modification to perform as many tasks as possible. Also, the limitation of security makes robots vulnerable to access of a company's information for unauthorized parties. This report has achieved the company's objectives of implementing robotics by highlighting on how the company will undergo a gradual change in adopting and using robots in its operations. The report prospects the company by outlining its short-term options and long-term options that will be achieved by this organization within the first five years of adoption of robotics. I would recommend to the CEO of Artificial Intelligence Company that the company to begin with designing robots that are not quite involving like those for domestic use such as vacuum cleaners. The CEO and the executive management should commission sessions in the company that will train engineers on how to develop and control robots through a hired robotic expert. The organization should ensure continued research and investment in the field of robotics. This will aid in the view of transforming the means that the company does its activities through human labor to robots in future to enable the company witness huge returns. References Bock, T. (2015). The future of construction automation: Technological disruption and theupcoming ubiquity of robotics.Automation in Construction,59, 113-121. Bock, T., Linner, T. (2015).Robot Oriented Design. Cambridge University Press. Brady, M., Gerhardt, L., Davidson, H. F. (Eds.). (2012).Robotics and artificial intelligence(Vol. 11). Springer Science Business Media. Cohen, P. R., Feigenbaum, E. A. (Eds.). (2014).The handbook of artificial intelligence(Vol. 3). Butterworth-Heinemann. Geraci, R. M. (2012).Apocalyptic AI: Visions of heaven in robotics, artificial intelligence, and Virtual reality. Oxford University Press. Ginsberg, M. (2012).Essentials of artificial intelligence. Newnes. Inabnet III, W. B. (2012). Robotic thyroidectomy: must we drive a luxury sedan to arrive at our destination safely?Thyroid,22(10), 988-990. Kanal, L., Kumar, V. (Eds.). (2012).Search in artificial intelligence. Springer Science Business Media. Merlet, J. P. (2012).Parallel robots(Vol. 74). Springer Science Business Media. Nilsson, N. J. (2014).Principles of artificial intelligence. Morgan Kaufmann. Pruthi, S. (2012). Wireless robotics: A history, an overview, and the need for standardization.Wireless Personal Communications,64(3). Sharkey, A., Sharkey, N. (2012). Granny and the robots: ethical issues in robot care for the elderly.Ethics and information technology,14(1), 27-40. Shneier, M., Bostelman, R. (2015). Literature Review of Mobile Robots for Manufacturing.National Institute of Standards and Technology, US Department of Commerce. Vaga, M., Hajduk, M., Semjon, J., Koukolov, L., Jno, R. (2012). The view to the current state of robotics. InAdvanced Materials Research(Vol. 463, pp. 1711-1714). Trans Tech Publications.
Sunday, March 22, 2020
Antigone On Women Although ancient Greece was a male-dominate society, Sophocles' Antigone, portrays women as being strong and capable of making wise decisions. In this famous tragedy, Sophocles uses the characters Ismene and Antigone to show the different characteristics and roles that woman are typical of interpreting. Traditionally women are characterized as weak and subordinate and Ismene is portrayed in this way. Through the character of Antigone, women finally get to present realistic viewpoints about their character. The sexist stereotypes presented in this tragedy address many perspectives of men at this time. Creon the arrogant and tyrant leader is, the very character that exemplifies this viewpoint. Antigone's spirit is filled with bravery, passion and fury; which allow her to symbolize the very essence of women. She is strong enough to do what her conscious tells her despite the laws of the land. Many examples in the play prove that Antigone's character is very capable of making her own decisions in the name of justice. First, Antigone opposes Creon's law and buries her slain brother; because in her mind it was immoral not to. She does this because she is compassionate and loves her brother very much. Creon, however, believes that his laws must be upheld and would do anything to prevent any type rebelling. He is even more infuriated when he learns that a woman has broken his laws. He tries to show Antigone who's in charge by sentencing her to a life of imprisonment. Secondly, Antigone shows how determined she is by accepting her consequences with pride. She does not try to hide that she is responsible for breaking Creon's laws, moreover, she takes all the credit. All the while she maintains her strength because she truly believes in her actions. These sorts of actions ultimately prove that Antigone is courageous and willing to stand up to men, which was completely against the norm at this time. Her spirit refuses to submit to the role of a helpless woman like her sister Ismene's character does. Ismene is a coward and refuses to help her sister because she feared men. This fear propels her to turn her head to the disrespect that is been shown to her brother, Polyneices. Her character is a close representation of the viewpoints of the male gender regarding women. She is subordinate and weak-willed. She refuses to stand up to Creon even though in her heart she knows that his laws are morally wrong. This type of demeanor in famous works of art is very common for women to behave like, according to the position of men. Ismene proclaims, "We are only women, we cannot fight with men, Antigone!" (Sophocles, pg.187) Proving that she is unwilling to do the right thing if it means standing up to a man. Another example of how spineless Ismene is portrayed is when she tries to take credit for burying her brother with Antigone. She is so scared that she will be left all alone with out Antigone that she is willing to die with her. Creon demonstrates his lack of respect for women again when he tries to accuse Ismene of aiding Antigone. Then when he realizes she had no part in the crime does he describes her as, "....she never had a mind at all." (Sophocles, pg.208) The play is also filled with instances of a sexist male viewpoint. Creon is the leader of the Theben throne a position he highly regards. He believes that he has a divine rule and therefor his laws are just and fair. He rules the kingdom with an iron fist and demonstrates his prejudices towards women throughout the play. First, Creon is so upset that his laws are broken by Antigone that tries to hurt her as much as possible. He tries to act as prideful as possible, he states, "No woman shall seduce us. If we must lose, Let's lose to a man, at least. Is a woman stronger than we?" (Sophocles,pg.212) This is proof that Creon does not see women as equal to the authority of men. He feels that women have no common sense and, therefor, must be punished for their irrationality. He eventually realizes that he has offended the Gods with his actions as ruler of Thebes. It is not until his own wife kills herself because of his tyranny against humanity does he realize his mistakes. This of course is way too late to redeem his lost loved ones or take back his contempt toward women. The Greek tragedy Antigone by Sophocles is
Thursday, March 5, 2020
Free Play essays The title of the second section in the book Free Play appropriately called The Work. The word work has several meanings, for most it is some act of labor or some skill they perform for money. To others work could be an artistic term, a final product of creativity. Not only could a work be a painting or a sketch but it could also be a score or in this case a dance, choreographed or not. In everyday life one always hears practice makes perfect. Lately in Improvisational Structures class we have been practicing improvs for Winterdance. However in this case we are just getting used to structures and we are also still growing closer as a group. According to Free Play, Competence that loses a sense of its roots in the playful spirit becomes ensconced in rigid forms of professionalism. There have been several improvs when the group became too serious or too focused on making the improv look good. Usually as a group we feel different after those improvs and realize that we need to let our playful side show through again. Even though there are structures for the improvs, the structures changes every time and are not dead set. That is the beauty of improvisations there is no dead set path that one must follow. Structures ignites spontaneity. If someone is feeling flowing and soft, not everyone has to feel that way. The next chapter of the book The Power of Limits explains how there are different types of limits, personal limits, limits from your body, limits from the group. As in the case of the body, many rules and limits are God-given in that they are inherent not in styles or social conventions but in the art medium itself: the physics of sound, of color, of gravity and movement. Limits can grow and expand as one pushes them. For instance my bodys limit has increased tremendously from the beginning of the semester. Anothe ...
Tuesday, February 18, 2020
Communicable diseases - Essay Example Approximately 2 billion persons in the world are infected with TB. In the United States (US) for instance, almost 15 million people are infected with TB. When it becomes active, TB kills 60% of the people who do not quest for medication. This percentage correlates with 3 million deaths experienced worldwide every year. In the US, approximately 20,000 TB infections take place every year (Denholm, Eisen, McBryde & Street, 2012). TB has treatment; when treated, about 90% of the active TB patients survive. Various governments including the federal government of Canada are working towards reducing the incidence, as well as the burden of TB. Among the efforts put by Canada include conducting investigations in order to enhance early detection as well as treatment of individuals having TB so as to control the spread of the disease. Ã¢â¬Å"Early detection as well as treatment of individuals with latent TB infection who are at high risk of progression to active TB diseaseÃ¢â¬ (Tuberculosis, 2012) is also one of the key component of not only an effective TB prevention, but also control program. The occurrence and spread of TB are highly influenced by social determinants related to health. In connection with this assertion, many governments are championing collaborative actions so as to address the risk factors for TB. According to Public Health Agency of Canada (2014), the environmental factors related to TB include overcrowding housing, poor ventilation as well as homelessness. Additionally, the Public Health Agency of Canada also claims that unsanitary living conditions, as well as lower income levels, contribute significantly to the occurrence and spread of TB. In connection with CDC assertion, it is evident that overcrowding as well as poor ventilation exposes people to fluids containing the TB bacterium. As introduced above, it is clear that TB is regarded as a Ã¢â¬Å"disease of the poor and socially disadvantagedÃ¢â¬ (Chandler,